Eczema refers to a number of different skin conditions in which the skin becomes red and irritated and sometimes has small, fluid filled bumps that ooze.
The most common cause of eczema is atopic dermatitis (sometimes called infantile eczema), which affects older kids as well as infants.
Children with eczema may eventually get food allergies, hay fever, or asthma. But you can take steps to soothe the itch and possibly cut the risk of allergies.
While most experts don't think eczema is purely allergic, it's clearly connected to allergic conditions like food allergies, hay fever, and asthma.
· Up to 80% of kids with eczema get hay fever or asthma later in childhood.
· 35% of adults with asthma or nasal allergies had eczema as kids.
· If a mom has allergies, there's almost a 1 in 3 chance that her baby will have eczema.
· 37% of kids with moderate to severe eczema also have food allergies.
For some kids, eczema and allergies develop in a specific order, as they get older. It starts with eczema, then food allergies, then asthma, and then hay fever. It's called the allergic march.
But just because your child has eczema doesn't mean they'll get these other conditions. It just means there's a higher risk.
There are several things that can increase a child’s risk of being part of the allergic march. Kids who get eczema at a young age may be more likely to have allergies or asthma later. Kids with worse eczema symptoms may be more likely to get allergies or asthma.
You can do some things that might lower your child's chances of worsening eczema, asthma, or allergies. The evidence isn't clear, so talk to your doctor or your child's pediatrician. Depending on the situation, the doctor might recommend:
Breastfeeding your baby: It might lower the risk of eczema, later allergies, or asthma.
Diet changes: If your baby has a high risk of allergic problems, some doctors recommend changes in diet. Breastfeeding for at least 4 months can help protect your child. “Hydrolyzed” formula might help protect formula-fed babies.
Other ways to keep your child's eczema under control include:
Get allergy testing. If you can pin the problem on a specific allergen, you can figure out ways to avoid it.
Use a moisturizer. Go for thick creams and ointments that stop the skin from drying out.
Keep fingernails short. Your child will do less damage to the skin from scratching.
Avoid irritants. Always use unscented soap and laundry detergent. Stay away from cigarette smoke.
Watch for problems. If your child's eczema seems to be getting worse -- or if they get allergy symptoms, like congestion or a runny nose -- see a doctor. The sooner you get treatment, the sooner your child will feel better.
In many cases, eczema goes into remission and symptoms may disappear altogether for months or even years.
For many kids, it begins to improve by the age of 5 or 6; others may have flare-ups throughout adolescence and early adulthood.
In some kids, the condition may improve but then restart as they enter puberty, when hormones, stress, and irritating skin products or cosmetics are introduced. Some people will have some degree of dermatitis into adulthood, with areas of itching and a dry, scaly appearance.
Eczema is not contagious, so there's no need to keep a baby or child who has it away from siblings, other kids, or anyone else.
Story sources; http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/eczema/child-eczema-14/allergies?ecd=wnl_prg_050116&ctr=wnl-prg-050116_nsl-promo-4_title&mb=HJinmVxrQQBBWXaWABbkR%40HnVev1imbCiW2HnNaB9FE%3d